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Prosecuting Genocide: European Union Obligations in the Age of Daesh

Daesh, also known as ISIS/ISIL, is committing genocide against religious and ethnic minorities, targeting women and girls in particular. The time is now for the EU to fulfil its international legal obligations to prevent and prosecute genocide. This means the EU must recognize this ongoing genocide, take steps to prevent and suppress it, and call for and facilitate its prosecution.

1. Daesh is perpetrating genocide

Reports and verified information obtained from UN agencies, human rights organizations, local communities and media clearly demonstrate that Daesh (also known as Islamic State, IS, ISIS, or ISIL) is perpetrating all of the five explicit crimes of genocide listed in the Genocide Convention and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: (1) killing; (2) causing serious bodily or mental harm; (3) deliberately inflicting conditions to destroy a group; (4) preventing births within a group; and (5) transferring children from one group to another group.

While reports indicate that Daesh targets various ethnic and religious minorities, no group has been subjected to the destruction that the Yazidi have suffered. What’s more, within the Yazidi community, women and girls have been methodically targeted by specific, ongoing crimes.

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